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[城市娱乐] 在英国最古老的城市之一埃克塞特历史介绍!

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发表于 2010-11-26 14:16 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
50AD -

Exeter had signs of a Celtic foundation, but it was in 50AD that the city of Exeter was reached by the Roman Army who established a stronghold for its Second Augustan Legion.
埃克塞特有一个凯尔特基础的迹象,但它在该城市的埃克塞特是由罗马军队谁建立了第二奥古斯都军团据点达到50AD了。
Towards the end of the 2nd century the Romans started constructing walls around the city to help with its defences.
在接近年底的2世纪罗马人开始建设环城,以帮助其防御墙。
Large sections of the Roman masonry can still be seen today.
罗马大的部分砖石仍然可以看到今天。
Exeter was of early importance, particularly to the Roman Army, due to it being the lowest point at which the River Exe could be crossed.
埃克塞特是早期的重要性,特别是罗马军队,由于它是最低点在该河的执行档可以交叉。
This made Exeter their Gateway to the Southwest tip of England.
这使得他们的门户埃克塞特在英格兰西南部的一角。
The Romans knew the area as Isca Dumnoniorum and the local tribe as Dumnonii.
罗马人知道作为伊斯卡Dumnoniorum和作为Dumnonii当地部落地区。
400AD -

After the Romans departed towards the end of the 4th century to help defend Italy from attack, Exeter entered the dark ages and was virtually abandoned between 400-700AD.
之后,罗马人对4世纪,以帮助抵御攻击结束离开意大利,英国埃克塞特进入了黑暗时代,并几乎在400 - 700AD抛弃。
The city now began to lose some of the influence and culture the Romans had bestowed upon it.
目前该市开始失去影响力和文化的罗马人赋予它一些。
680AD -

In 680AD, Saxon invasions had pushed far enough South for them to be in control of Exeter.
在680AD,撒克逊人入侵了南推远远不够,他们将在埃克塞特的控制。
Around this same time the Patron Saint, St Boniface, was born in nearby Crediton and it is said that he received his early training at Exeter.
大约同一时间的守护神,圣博尼法斯,出生于附近克雷迪,这是说,他收到埃克塞特他早期的训练。
876AD -

In 876, the Danes briefly occupied Exeter, but King Alfred soon sent them fleeing the following year.
在876,丹麦人短暂占领埃克塞特,但国王阿尔弗雷德很快打发他们逃离下一年。
Almost two decades later the Danes besieged the city again, only to be defeated once more by Alfred the Great.
几乎二十年后再次包围城市的丹麦人,只能再次被击败由阿尔弗雷德大王。
1066AD -

After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, the Norman King William arrived at the walls of Exeter.
后在1066年黑斯廷斯战役中,诺曼国王威廉来到埃克塞特的墙壁。
He was soon after talks in control of the city.
不久后,他在控制着这座城市的会谈。
The Rougemont castle was built around this period on the highest point of the city's walls.
该Rougemont的城堡建于这个城市的城墙的最高点时期。
It was up until 2005 that the Exeter Crown Court still upheld law and order from within the gates of the castle and the shadow of Athelstan's tower.
这是,直到2005年,该刑事法庭仍然坚持埃克塞特从城堡的大门和阿瑟尔斯坦的塔影法律和秩序。
1100AD -

Early in the twelfth century the Normans built the Cathedral of St Peter.
早在12世纪诺曼人建造的圣彼得大教堂。
Although the cathedral has had some rebuilding over the years, particularly in 1360, the twin Norman towers still remain and can be seen from all over the city.
虽然已大教堂,特别是在1360年重建的一些多年来,双子塔仍然诺曼,可来自全国各地的城市都看到了。
1300AD -

Over the centuries Exeter had developed and prospered as a trading port, but following an altercation, the Countess of Devon built a weir across the river in the 1280s.
在埃克塞特已制定,并作为商埠的繁荣,但随着口角百年来,德文郡伯爵建造了横跨在河堰的1280s。
Sea craft could no longer reach Exeter, so Topsham performed this function on its behalf with the Countess and her successors benefiting.
海工艺已不能达到埃克塞特,所以托普瑟姆上执行其与伯爵夫人和她的继任者受益代表此功能。
Exeter however, was again later linked to the estuary by means of a ship canal constructed in the mid 16th century.
埃克塞特然而,稍后再联系到河口通过在16世纪中叶建造的船舶管手段。
1900AD -

Apart from calling on its men to fight for the country, World War One had very little affect on Exeter.
除了在它的人民呼吁争取国家,第一次世界大战只有很少的影响在埃克塞特。
It was World War Two when war came to Exeter.
这是第二次世界大战,当战争来到埃克塞特。
German planes blitzed the city and destroyed many of the historical sites. Exeter today has developed into a modern day city, with all major road, rail and air links.
德国飞机blitzed城市,摧毁许多网站的历史。埃克塞特今天已经发展成为一个现代城市的联系,与所有主要道路,铁路和航空。
It is the capital of the county of Devon, with a university, county hospital, county halls, communications and culture centres.
它是德文郡的首都,一所大学,县医院,县厅,通信和文化中心。
 楼主| 发表于 2010-11-26 14:17 | 显示全部楼层
我英文不是很大 大家将就看把!
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发表于 2010-11-26 14:38 | 显示全部楼层
历史好悠久啊!
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发表于 2010-11-26 20:43 | 显示全部楼层

回复 1# 的帖子

中国五千年的历史,我还没搞清楚呢,楼主居然还来个Exeter的悠久历史,疯喽!!
不过,楼主还是辛苦了
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